Quick Start for Theme-Developers

Are you a professional web developer, and you don't want to read the whole documentation? No problem, this is all you need to know to create your own theme for TYPEMILL.

You can also use the dev-theme as a starting point. It contains a whole html- and twig-skeleton and you can directly start with your own css.

#Theme Folder

You will find all themes in the theme folder of TYPEMILL. You can add a new folder for your theme there. The name of your folder is the name of your theme.

#Change Theme

You can choose the theme in author panel in TYPEMILL.

#Theme Structure

There is no theme structure. There are only two files that are required:

  • index.twig: All content files will be rendered with this template.
  • 404.twig: This is the template for a 404 error message.

There is another optional template:

  • cover.twig: Use this name to create a template for a special home page with a different design.

There are two other files that are optional, but it is strongly recommended to add them:

  • themeName.jpg: A preview picture of your theme with a minimum width of 800px;
  • themeName.yaml: A configuration file with the version, the author name, licence, and other information about your theme.

It is always a good idea to structure your files a bit more. For example, you can create a folder called partials with separate files for different layouts (maybe a folder and file layout?), a navigation, a header, a footer, or whatever you want. But this decision is completely up to you. The same goes for CSS, JavaScript, and other resources: It is a good practice to create separate folders for them, but it's up to you.

#Theme-YAML

The themeName.yaml must have the same name as your theme folder. A basic file looks like this:

name: My Theme Name
version: 1.0.0
description: Write what you want
author: Your name here
homepage: http://an-info-website-for-the-theme.com
licence: MIT

You can also add settings for your themes in the YAML-file like this:

settings:
  chapter: Chapter
  start: Start

The settings are automatically merged with all other TYPEMILL settings, and are available on all pages, so you can access your theme variables like this:

{{ settings.themes.typemill.chapter }} // prints out "Chapter".

Finally you can make your theme variables editable for the user in the author panel. Just add a form definition in your yaml like this:

forms:
  fields:

    chapter:
      type: text
      label: chapter
      placeholder: Add Name for Chapter
      required: true

    start:
      type: text
      label: Start-Button
      placeholder: Add Label for Start-Button
      required: true

This will create input forms in the author panel. The input forms will be prefilled with the settings-values of your YAML-file.

#Twig

TYPEMILL uses Twig as a template language. You are probably familiar with it. If not: Twig is a widespread template language that is very easy to learn. It is shorter and safer to use than pure PHP.

#Template Variables

There are exactly six template variables to fill your templates with dynamic content:

  • navigation: This variable is a multidimensional array of objects. Each object represents a file or a folder. You can use this variable to create a navigation with a Twig-macro. A macro in Twig is the same as a recursive function in PHP.
  • item: This variable is an object of the actual page. It contains all the details like the name, the url, the path, the chapter, as well as the next and the previous items for a pagination. And guess what? The navigation variable mentioned above is just an array that holds many of these item-objects.
  • content: This variable holds the HTML content of the Markdown file. Just print it out.
  • description: These are the first lines of the content of a page. You can use this for the meta description.
  • breadcrumb: This variable is an one dimensional array. It contains the breadcrumb navigation of the page. Just use a loop like {% for element in breadcrumb %} to print it out.
  • settings: In this variable, you will find all the settings like the navigation-title, the author, the theme, the theme variables, or the copyright.

You can print out each variable with the twig-tag {{ dump(navigation) }} and inspect the content. This is probably the easiest way to familiarize yourself with the possibilities for themes.

#Asset Tags

Plugin developers need a way to add their own CSS and JavaScript to your theme. You should enable this with two Twig tags:

  • {{ assets.renderCSS() }}: Put this before the closing </head> tag of your theme.
  • {{ assets.renderJS() }}: Put this before the closing </body> tag of your theme.

#Content-Styling

If you create a theme, make sure that all content types (headlines, paragraphs, tables) are styled properly. You can use the Markdown Test Page to check the styling of all content elements.

#Read more

If this page hasn't answered all of your questions, then please read the full developer manual. In less than one hour, you can develop your own themes for TYPEMILL like a pro.

Happy coding!

© by Sebastian Schürmanns, 2017 - 2021. All Rights Reserved. Built with Typemill.